Eurycoma longifolia


  1. Bhat R, Karim AA. Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia Jack): a review on its ethnobotany and pharmacological importanceFitoterapia. (2010)
  2. Saadiah Abdul Razak H, Shuid AN, Naina Mohamed I. Combined Effects of Eurycoma longifolia and Testosterone on Androgen-Deficient Osteoporosis in a Male Rat ModelEvid Based Complement Alternat Med. (2012)
  3. Chua LS, et al. LC-MS/MS-based metabolites of Eurycoma longifolia (Tongkat Ali) in Malaysia (Perak and Pahang)J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. (2011)
  4. Miyake K, et al. Quassinoids from Eurycoma longifoliaJ Nat Prod. (2009)
  5. Phytotoxicity of Quassinoids: Physiological Responses and Structural Requirements.
  6. Eurycomanone and eurycomanol, quassinoids from the roots of Eurycoma longifolia.
  7. Canthin-6-one alkaloids from Eurycoma longifolia.
  8. Chiou WF, Wu TS. 9-Hydroxycanthin-6-One Induces Penile Erection and Delays EjaculationJ Sex Med. (2011)
  9. Maziah M, Rosli N. The Production of 9-methoxycanthin-6-one from Callus Cultures of (Eurycoma longifolia Jack) Tongkat AliMethods Mol Biol. (2009)
  10. Squalene derivatives from Eurycoma longifolia.
  11. Miyake K, et al. Canthin-6-one alkaloids and a tirucallanoid from Eurycoma longifolia and their cytotoxic activity against a human HT-1080 fibrosarcoma cell lineNat Prod Commun. (2010)
  12. Correcting systemic androgen levels using Eurycoma longifolia.
  13. Abdulghani M, et al. The ameliorative effects of Eurycoma longifolia Jack on testosterone-induced reproductive disorders in female ratsReprod Biol. (2012)
  14. Low BS, et al. Bioavailability and pharmacokinetic studies of eurycomanone from Eurycoma longifoliaPlanta Med. (2005)
  15. Tambi MI, Imran MK. Eurycoma longifolia Jack in managing idiopathic male infertilityAsian J Androl. (2010)
  16. Bioactive fraction of Eurycoma longifolia.
  17. Zanoli P, et al. Influence of Eurycoma longifolia on the copulatory activity of sexually sluggish and impotent male ratsJ Ethnopharmacol. (2009)
  18. Ang HH, Lee KL, Kiyoshi M. Sexual arousal in sexually sluggish old male rats after oral administration of Eurycoma longifolia JackJ Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol. (2004)
  19. Ang HH, Sim MK. Eurycoma longifolia increases sexual motivation in sexually naive male ratsArch Pharm Res. (1998)
  20. Ang HH, Ngai TH. Aphrodisiac evaluation in non-copulator male rats after chronic administration of Eurycoma longifolia JackFundam Clin Pharmacol. (2001)
  21. Ang HH, Lee KL, Kiyoshi M. Eurycoma longifolia Jack enhances sexual motivation in middle-aged male miceJ Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol. (2003)
  22. Ang HH, Sim MK. Eurycoma longifolia JACK and orientation activities in sexually experienced male ratsBiol Pharm Bull. (1998)
  23. Ang HH, Sim MK. Eurycoma longifolia Jack enhances libido in sexually experienced male ratsExp Anim. (1997)
  24. Ang HH, Lee KL. Effect of Eurycoma longifolia Jack on libido in middle-aged male ratsJ Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol. (2002)
  25. Ang HH, Ngai TH, Tan TH. Effects of Eurycoma longifolia Jack on sexual qualities in middle aged male ratsPhytomedicine. (2003)
  26. Ang HH, Lee KL. Effect of Eurycoma longifolia Jack on orientation activities in middle-aged male ratsFundam Clin Pharmacol. (2002)
  27. Ang HH, Cheang HS, Yusof AP. Effects of Eurycoma longifolia Jack (Tongkat Ali) on the initiation of sexual performance of inexperienced castrated male ratsExp Anim. (2000)
  28. Ismail SB, et al. Randomized Clinical Trial on the Use of PHYSTA Freeze-Dried Water Extract of Eurycoma longifolia for the Improvement of Quality of Life and Sexual Well-Being in MenEvid Based Complement Alternat Med. (2012)
  29. Ang HH, Cheang HS. Studies on the anxiolytic activity of Eurycoma longifolia Jack roots in miceJpn J Pharmacol. (1999)
  30. Effect of Tongkat Ali on stress hormones and psychological mood state in moderately stressed subjects.
  31. Ang HH, Ikeda S, Gan EK. Evaluation of the potency activity of aphrodisiac in Eurycoma longifolia JackPhytother Res. (2001)
  32. Ang HH, Cheang HS. Effects of Eurycoma longifolia jack on laevator ani muscle in both uncastrated and testosterone-stimulated castrated intact male ratsArch Pharm Res. (2001)
  33. Wahab NA, et al. The effect of eurycoma longifolia Jack on spermatogenesis in estrogen-treated ratsClinics (Sao Paulo). (2010)
  34. Chan KL, et al. The effect of Eurycoma longifolia on sperm quality of male ratsNat Prod Commun. (2009)
  35. Erasmus N, et al. Effect of Eurycoma longifolia Jack (Tongkat ali) extract on human spermatozoa in vitroAndrologia. (2012)
  36. Frydrychová S, et al. Effects of herbal preparation on libido and semen quality in boarsReprod Domest Anim. (2011)
  38. Ooi FK, et al. Effects of a herbal ergogenic drink on cycling performance in young cyclistsMalays J Nutr. (2001)
  39. Chen CK, Muhamad AS, Ooi FK. Herbs in exercise and sportsJ Physiol Anthropol. (2012)
  40. Diamond TH, et al. Hip fracture in elderly men: prognostic factors and outcomesMed J Aust. (1997)
  41. Forsén L, et al. Survival after hip fracture: short- and long-term excess mortality according to age and genderOsteoporos Int. (1999)
  42. Vanderschueren D, et al. Time-related increase of biochemical markers of bone turnover in androgen-deficient male ratsBone Miner. (1994)
  43. Tajul Ariff AS, et al. Effects of Eurycoma longifolia on Testosterone Level and Bone Structure in an Aged Orchidectomised Rat ModelEvid Based Complement Alternat Med. (2012)
  44. Tambi MI, Imran MK, Henkel RR. Standardised water-soluble extract of Eurycoma longifolia, Tongkat ali, as testosterone booster for managing men with late-onset hypogonadismAndrologia. (2011)
  45. Eurycoma longifolia: Medicinal Plant in the Prevention and Treatment of Male Osteoporosis due to Androgen Deficiency.
  46. Ramli R, Khamis MF, Shuid AN. Bone Micro-CT Assessments in an Orchidectomised Rat Model Supplemented with Eurycoma longifoliaEvid Based Complement Alternat Med. (2012)
  47. Kang KS, et al. Immature uterotrophic assay is more sensitive than ovariectomized uterotrophic assay for the detection of estrogenicity of p-nonylphenol in Sprague-Dawley ratsToxicol Lett. (2000)
  48. Teh CH, et al. Comparative X-ray and conformational analysis of a new crystal of 13α,21-dihydroeurycomanone with eurycomanone from Eurycoma longifolia and their anti-estrogenic activity using the uterotrophic assayPlanta Med. (2011)
  49. Eurycomanone – PubChem Compound Summary.
  50. Tee TT, Azimahtol HL. Induction of apoptosis by Eurycoma longifolia jack extractsAnticancer Res. (2005)
  51. Salman SA, et al. Modification of propranolol’s bioavailability by Eurycoma longifolia water-based extractJ Clin Pharm Ther. (2010)
  52. Acute and Subacute Toxicity Studies of Eurycoma longifolia in Male Rats.